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Hydrogen Energy


Hydrogen is a clean fuel and an energy carrier that can be used for a broad range of applications as a possible substitute to liquid and fossil fuels.  The Ministry has supported research, development and demonstration projects on various aspects of hydrogen energy including its production, storage and use as a fuel for generation of mechanical/thermal/electrical energy.  The application of hydrogen in fuel cells for power generation has been demonstrated as a result of initiatives taken by this Ministry.  Hydrogen fuelled small power generating sets, two wheeler (motor cycles), three wheeler, catalytic combustion systems for residential and industrial sectors and fuel cell buses have also been developed and demonstrated.

Objectives :

  • Study & evaluate the feasibility of production of hydrogen by various processes/ techniques, especially based on renewable energy methods
  • Development of materials/processes/sub-systems/systems for storage of hydrogen
  • Support projects on utilization of hydrogen as a fuel for stationary, automobile and portable applications
  • Support projects for development of hydrogen infrastructure in public-private participation made for production, storage and applications of hydrogen, including safety, standards and codes, capacity building & public awareness
  • Support demonstration projects relating to production, storage and applications of hydrogen


Activities :

  • Research in materials/processes/pilot plant for production, storage and use of hydrogen as a fuel
  • Development and demonstration of applications of hydrogen for power generation and transport sector
  • Training/manpower development


Ongoing Projects :

  • A Novel process for production of hydrogen from renewable and fossil fuel based liquid and gaseous hydrocarbons by non-thermal plasma reformation technique (CIMFR, Dhanbad)
  • Development and Demonstration of hydrogen fuelled three wheelers (BHU, Varanasi)
  • Development and Demonstration of Diesel Hydrogen Dual Fuel SUV (Mahindra & Mahindra, Chengalpattu)
  • Mission Mode Project on Hydrogen Production through Biological Routes (IIT Kharagpur)
  • Mission Mode Project on Hydrogen Storage Materials (Hydrides) : R&D (BHU, Varanasi)
  • Mission Mode Project on Hydrogen Storage in Carbon Materials (IIT Madras, Chennai)
  • Mission Mode Project on Development and Demonstration of hydrogen fuelled internal combustion engines for vehicles (IIT Delhi)
  • Investigation on bio-hydrogen production by thermo-chemical method in fluidized bed gasifier under catalytic support and its utilisation (NIT, Calicut)
  • Bio-inspired catalysts for the reversible conversion H+ + e- → ½ H2 (IACS, Kolkata)
  • Development of hydrogen refuelling facility for demonstration of fuel cell vehicles (R&D Centre, IOCL, Faridabad)
  • Design & application of carbon based hetero atom modified nano-porous materials for hydrogen storage (IIT Guwahati)
  • Development of efficient hydrogen supply system through liquid organic hydrides (National Environmental Engineering Research Institute, Nagpur)
  • Experimental investigations on combustion characteristics and emission reduction of laser fired hydrogen engine (IIT Kanpur)
  • Development & demonstration of hydrogen fuelled multi-cylinder spark ignition engine generator set for stationary power generation (IIT Delhi)
  • Demonstration and field trials of hydrogen fuelled three wheelers in New Delhi (IIT Delhi)
  • Transformation of greenhouse gases into clean fuels by low temperature plasma catalysis (IIT Hyderabad)
  • Design of Electrolytic Cell for economic and energy efficient bio-hydrogen production from leafy biomass by electro-hydro-genesis (NIT, Raipur)
  • Amidophosphine borane as potential source for hydrogen – an experimental and computational approach (IIT Hyderabad)
  • Demonstration and performance evaluation of various technologies of hydrogen energy at the National Institute of Solar Energy, Gwalpahari, Gurgaon, Haryana (NISE, Gwalpahari, Gurgaon)


Achievements :

  • National Hydrogen Energy Road Map has been prepared for developing National Hydrogen Energy Programme.  (Abridged Version of National Hydrogen Energy Road Map)
  • National Hydrogen Energy Programme envisages to be implemented in Public-Private partnership mode.
  • Environmentally benign processes/technologies for the production of hydrogen developed and demonstrated
  • Materials/alloys/methods developed for storage of hydrogen as metal hydrides
  • Hydrogen based two-wheeler (motor cycle), three wheeler (with hydrogen storage in metal hydride and composite Type-III cylinder), mini buses, catalytic combustion systems, fuel cell power systems, etc. developed and demonstrated
  • Hydrogen – Compressed Natural Gas (H-CNG) and hydrogen dispensing stations set up in New Delhi and Faridabad
  • Hydrogen production system based on alkaline electrolyser powered by electricity produced by Solar PV system along with associated compression, storage and dispensing facility established at National Institute of Solar Energy, Gwalpahari, Gurgaon
  • Laboratory scale prototypes have been developed and demonstrated and these include bio-hydrogen production using distillery wastes; proton exchange membrane based electrolysers for hydrogen production through splitting of water and water methanol mixture; methanol reformer for production of hydrogen; reformer for production of hydrogen from glycerol; hydrogen catalytic combustion cookers; hydrogen fuelled internal combustion engines for stationary power generation; etc.


Thrust Areas :

  • Research on materials, process technology development and improvement in performance of products/systems relating to different aspects of hydrogen energy
  • Production and demonstration of hydrogen by environmentally benign methods preferably using renewable energy methods
  • Development and demonstration of applications of hydrogen as a fuel
  • Creation/expansion of infrastructure for hydrogen as an energy carrier in the Public-Private Partnership mode
  • Development of dedicated hydrogen energy engine for automotive and decentralized power generation
  • Setting up of hydrogen dispensing stations for use of hydrogen as fuel in automotive vehicles
  • Use of hydrogen – CNG blend as fuel in automobiles


Potential Applications :

  • Production of electricity, heat and water for various end uses
  • Industrial applications
  • Vehicular transportation
  • Residential applications
  • Commercial applications, including in telecom towers for providing back-up power



Organisations working in hydrogen energy area

Hydrogen Production :

  • Banaras Hindu University (BHU), Varanasi
  • Chlor Alkali/Fertiliser/Chemical Units/Refineries (producing and using hydrogen as a chemical feedstock / Captive Consumption)
  • Indian Institute of Technology Kharagpur
  • Jawaharlal Nehru Technological University (JNTU), Hyderabad
  • Indian Institute of Chemical Technology (IICT), Hyderabad
  • R&D Centre, Indian Oil Corporation Ltd. (IOCL), Faridabad
  • Centre for Materials for Electronic Technology (C-MET), Pune
  • Central Institute of Mining and Fuel Research (CIMFR), Dhanbad
  • National Institute of Solar Energy, Gwalpahari, Gurgaon
  • Institute of Minerals and Materials Technology (IMMT), Bhubaneswar
  • Indian Institute of Technology Hyderabad, Hyderabad
  • Electrical Research and Development Association, Vadodara
  • Indian Institute of Science (IISc), Bangalore
  • National Institute of Technology (NIT), Rourkela
  • National Institute of Technology, Calicut, Kozhikode
  • Indian Association for the Cultivation of Science, Jadavpur, Kolkata
  • National Institute of Technology, Raipur


Hydrogen Storage :

  • Banaras Hindu University (BHU), Varanasi
  • Indian Institutes of Technology, Chennai/Guwahati
  • National Environmental Engineering Research Institute (NEERI), Nagpur
  • National Institute of Technology (NIT), Tiruchirapalli
  • International Advanced Research Centre for Powder Metallurgy and New Materials (ARCI), Hyderabad
  • Thiagaraja College of Engineering, Madurai
  • Indian Institute of Technology Bombay, Mumbai
  • Non-Ferrous Materials Technology Development Centre (NFTDC), Hyderabad
  • Indian Institute of Technology Guwahati, Guwahati
  • Indian Institute of Technology Hyderabad, Hyderabad


Applications of Hydrogen :

  • Indian Institutes of Technology, Delhi/Chennai/Kanpur
  • Bharat Heavy Electricals Ltd. (BHEL), Hyderabad
  • R&D Centre, Indian Oil Corporation Ltd. (IOCL), Faridabad
  • Society of Indian Automobile Manufacturers (SIAM), New Delhi
  • Banaras Hindu University (BHU), Varanasi
  • Mahindra & Mahindra, Chengalpattu
  • Indian Institute of Technology, Kanpur
  • Annamalai University, Annamalai Nagar
  • Electrical Research and Development Association, Vadodara
  • University of Petroleum and Energy Studies (UPES), Dehradun
  • National Institute of Solar Energy, Gwalpahari, Gurgaon


Other Areas :

  • University of Rajasthan, Jaipur


Biological Hydrogen Production Plant set up by MCRC, Chennai

H-CNG Dispensing Station set at Faridabad in Haryana and Dwarka in New Delhi


Hydrogen fuelled 3-wheeler developed jointly by IIT Delhi and Mahindra & Mahindra


Vacuum Induction Melting Furnace at BHU, Varanasi

  Hydrogen fuelled energy-generator set developed by IIT Delhi   Use of Hydrogen in a telecom tower for providing back up power


Hydrogen-Diesel dual fuel vehical developed by Mahindra & Mahindra

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