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Hydrogen Energy

Hydrogen is a clean fuel and an energy carrier that can be used for a broad range of applications as a possible substitute to liquid and fossil fuels. The Ministry has supported research, development and demonstration projects on various aspects of hydrogen energy including its production, storage and use as a fuel for generation of mechanical/thermal/electrical energy. The application of hydrogen in fuel cells for power generation has been demonstrated as a result of initiatives taken by this Ministry. Hydrogen fuelled small power generating sets, two wheeler (motor cycles), three wheeler and catalytic combustion systems for residential and industrial sectors and fuel cell buses have also been developed and demonstrated.

Biological Hydrogen Production Plant set up by MCRC, Chennai

H-CNG Dispensing Station set at Faridabad in Haryana and Dwarka in New Delhi


Hydrogen fuelled 3-wheeler developed jointly by IIT Delhi and Mahindra & Mahindra


Vacuum Induction Melting Furnace at BHU, Varanasi

  Hydrogen fuelled energy-generator set developed by IIT Delhi   Use of Hydrogen in a telecom tower for providing back up power


bullet Study & evaluate the feasibility of production of hydrogen by various processes/technologies, especially based on renewable energy methods.
bullet Development of materials/processes/sub-systems/systems for storage of hydrogen.
bullet Support projects on utilization of hydrogen as a fuel for stationary, automobile and portable applications.
bullet Support projects for development of hydrogen infrastructure in public-private participation made for production, storage and applications of hydrogen, including safety, standards and codes, capacity building & public awareness.
bullet Support demonstration projects relating to production, storage and applications of hydrogen.


bullet Research in materials/processes/pilot plant for production, storage and use of hydrogen as a fuel.
bullet Development and demonstration of applications of hydrogen for power generation and transport sector.
bullet Training/ manpower development.

Ongoing Projects:

bullet Support to the existing Hydrogen Energy Centre at BHU, Varanasi (BHU, Varanasi).
bullet A Novel process for production of hydrogen from renewable and fossil fuel based liquid and gaseous hydrocarbons by non-thermal plasma reformation technique (CIMFR, Dhanbad).
bullet Development and Demonstration of hydrogen fuelled threes wheelers (BHU, Varanasi).
bullet Hydrogen and Liquid Fuels from Biomass Gasification (IISc, Bangalore).
bullet Development and Demonstration of Diesel Hydrogen Dual Fuel SUV (Mahindra & Mahindra, Chengalpattu).
bullet Mission Mode Project on Hydrogen Production through Biological Routes (IIT Kharagpur).
bullet Mission Mode Project on Hydrogen Storage Materials (Hydrides): R&D (BHU, Varanasi).
bullet Mission Mode Project on Hydrogen Storage in Carbon Materials (IIT Madras, Chennai).
bullet Mission Mode Project on Development and Demonstration of hydrogen fuelled internal combustion engines for vehicles (IIT Delhi).
bullet Performance enhancement, evaluation and analysis of an IDI diesel engine using straight (SVO) with hydrogen supplementation (UPES, Dehradun).
bullet Development of semiconductor nano-composites for photo-catalytic water splitting into H2 and O2 under solar light irradiation (IICT, Hyderabad and Yogi Vemana University, Kadapa).
bullet Establishment & demonstration of hydrogen production and utilisation facility through photovoltaic-electrolyser system at Solar Energy Centre, Gwalpahari (UPES, New Delhi)
bullet Generation of Hydrogen from biomass derived glycerol (Phase-II) (IICT, Hyderabad)
bullet Development of prototype photo-reactor for hydrogen production from hydrogen sulphide under natural sunlight (C-MET, Pune)
bullet Investigation on bio-hydrogen production by thermo-chemical method in fluidized bed gasifier under catalytic support and its utilisation (NIT, Calicut)
bullet Bio-inspired catalysts for the reversible conversion H+ + e- → ½ H2 (IACS, Kolkata)
bullet Development of hydrogen refuelling facility for demonstration of fuel cell vehicles (R&D Centre, IOCL, Faridabad)
bullet Design & application of carbon based hetero atom modified nano-porous materials for hydrogen storage (IIT Guwahati)
bullet Development of efficient hydrogen supply system through liquid organic hydrides (National Environmental Engineering Research Institute, Nagpur)
bullet Experimental investigations on combustion characteristics and emission reduction of laser fired hydrogen engine (IIT Kanpur)
bullet Development & demonstration of hydrogen fuelled multi-cylinder spark ignition engine generator set for stationary power generation (IIT Delhi)
bullet  Demonstration and field trials of hydrogen fuelled three wheelers in New Delhi (IIT Delhi)


bullet National Hydrogen Energy Road Map has been prepared for developing National Hydrogen Energy Programme. (Abridged Version of National Hydrogen Energy Road Map).
bullet National Hydrogen Energy Road Map has projected that one million hydrogen fuelled vehicles would on the Indian roads and 1000 MW aggregate hydrogen based power generating capacity be set up in the country, both by 2020
bullet National Hydrogen Energy Programme envisages to be implemented in Public-Private partnership mode.
bullet Environmentally benign processes/technologies for the production of hydrogen developed and demonstrated.
bullet Materials/alloys/methods developed for storage of hydrogen as metal hydrides.
bullet Hydrogen based two-wheeler (motor cycle), three wheeler, catalytic combustion systems, fuel cell power systems, etc developed and demonstrated.
bullet Hydrogen – Compressed Natural Gas (H-CNG) dispensing station set up in New Delhi.
bullet Laboratory scale prototypes have been developed and demonstrated and these include bio-hydrogen production using distillery wastes; proton exchange membrane based electrolysers for hydrogen production through splitting of water and water methanol mixture; methanol reformer for production of hydrogen; hydrogen catalytic combustion cookers; hydrogen fuelled internal combustion engines for stationary power generation; etc.

Thrust Areas:

bullet Research on materials, process technology development and improvement in performance of products/systems relating to different aspects of hydrogen energy.
bullet Production and demonstration of hydrogen by environmentally benign methods preferably using renewable energy methods.
bullet Development and demonstration of applications of hydrogen as a fuel.
bullet Creation/expansion of infrastructure for hydrogen as an energy carrier in the Public Private Partnership mode.
bullet Development of dedicated hydrogen energy engine for automotive and decentralised power generation.
bullet Setting up of hydrogen dispensing stations for use of hydrogen as fuel in automotive vehicles.
bullet Use of hydrogen - CNG blend as fuel in automobiles.

Potential Applications:

bullet Production of electricity, heat and water for various end uses
bullet Industrial applications
bullet Vehicular transportation
bullet Residential applications
bullet Commercial applications, including in telecom towers for providing back-up power

Organizations working in hydrogen energy area: Hydrogen Production

bullet  Banaras Hindu University (BHU), Varanasi
bullet Chlor Alkali/Fertiliser/Chemical Units/Refineries (producing and using hydrogen as a chemical feedstock / Captive Consumption)
bullet Indian Institutes of Technology, Kharagpur
bullet Jawaharlal Nehru Technological University (JNTU), Hyderabad.
bullet Indian Institute of Chemical Technology (IICT), Hyderabad.
bullet R&D Centre, Indian Oil Corporation Ltd. (IOCL), Faridabad
bullet Centre for Materials for Electronic Technology (C-MET), Pune.
bullet Central Institute of Mining and Fuel Research (CIMFR), Dhanbad.
bullet Centre for Alternate Energy Research, University of Petroleum and Energy Studies (UPES), New Delhi.
bullet Institute of minerals and Materials Technology (IMMT), Bhubaneshwar
bullet Indian Institute of Technology Hyderabad.
bullet Electrical Research and Development Association, Vadodara.
bullet Indian Institute of Science (IISc), Bangalore.
bullet National Institute of Technology (NIT), Rourkela.
bullet National Institute of Technology, Calicut, Kozhikode
bullet Indian Association for the Cultivation of Science, Jadavpur, Kolkata

Hydrogen Storage

bullet  Banaras Hindu University (BHU), Varansi
bullet  Indian Institutes of Technology, Chennai/Guwahati.
bullet  National Environmental Engineering Research Institute (NEERI), Nagpur
bullet National Institute of Technology (NIT), Tiruchirapalli
bullet International Advanced Research Centre for Powder Metallurgy and New Materials (ARCI), Hyderabad
bullet Thiagarajar College of Engineering, Madurai
bullet Indian Institute of Technology Bombay, Mumbai
bullet Non-Ferrous Materials Technology Development Centre (NFTDC), Hyderabad

Applications of Hydrogen

bullet  Indian Institutes of Technology, Delhi/Chennai/Kanpur
bullet  Bharat Heavy Electricals Ltd. (BHEL), Hyderabad
bullet R&D Centre, Indian Oil Corporation Ltd. (IOCL), Faridabad
bullet Society of Indian Automobile Manufacturers (SIAM), New Delhi.
bullet Banaras Hindu University (BHU), Varansi
bullet Mahindra & Mahindra, Chengalpattu
bullet Indian Institute of Technology, Kanpur
bullet Annamalai University, Annamalai Nagar
bullet Electrical Research and Development Association, Vadodara
bullet University of Petroleum and Energy Studies (UPES), Dehradun

Other Areas

bullet  University of Rajasthan, Jaipur


Hydrogen-Diesel dual fuel vehical developed by Mahindra & Mahindra

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