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Hydrogen Energy

Hydrogen is a clean fuel and an energy carrier that can be used for a broad range of applications as a possible substitute to liquid and fossil fuels. The Ministry has supported research, development and demonstration projects on various aspects of hydrogen energy including its production, storage and use as a fuel for generation of mechanical/thermal/electrical energy. The application of hydrogen in fuel cells for power generation has been demonstrated as a result of initiatives taken by this Ministry. Hydrogen fuelled small power generating sets, two wheeler (motor cycles), three wheeler and catalytic combustion systems for residential and industrial sectors have also been developed and demonstrated.

Hydrogen energy based power generating unit

Reactors set up for Hydrogen production from Biological method

 PEM based Hydrogen Generators
 Hydrogen-powered motorcycle  Hydrogen fuelled three-wheeler

        H-CNG Dispensing Station at Dwarka, New Delhi                                                       H-CNG Vehicles

 

Objectives:

bullet Study & evaluate the feasibility of production of hydrogen by various processes/technologies, especially based on renewable energy methods.
bullet Development of materials/processes/sub-systems/systems for storage of hydrogen.
bullet Support projects on utilization of hydrogen as a fuel for stationary, automobile and portable applications.
bullet Support projects for development of hydrogen infrastructure in public-private participation mode for production, storage and applications of hydrogen, including safety, standards and codes, capacity building & public awareness.
bullet Support demonstration projects relating to production, storage and applications of hydrogen.

Activities:

bullet Research in materials/processes/pilot plant for production, storage and use of hydrogen as a fuel.
bullet Development and demonstration of applications of hydrogen for power generation and transport sector.
bullet Training/ manpower development.

Ongoing Projects:

bullet Introduction of H-CNG fuel in vehicles (SIAM, New Delhi).
bullet Support to the existing Hydrogen Energy Centre at BHU, Varanasi (BHU, Varanasi).
bullet Hydrogen storage properties of Complex Hydrides (IIT Bombay, Mumbai).
bullet A Novel process for production of hydrogen from renewable and fossil fuel based liquid and gaseous hydrocarbons by non-thermal plasma reformation technique (CIMFR, Dhanbad).
bullet Numerical and Experimental Analysis for the development of a Metal Hydride based Hydrogen Energy Storage Device (IIT Guwahati).
bullet Development of nano and Metastable Magnesium based multi-component alloys through mechanical alloying for hydrogen storage applicatopns (NIT, Tiruchirapalli).
bullet Non-Thermal Plasma Assisted Direct Decomposition of Hydrogen Sulphide into Hydrogen and Sulphur (IIT, Hyderabad).
bullet Prototype demonstration of wind hydrogen based stand-alone electrical generation (Electrical Research and Development Association, Vadodara).
bullet Development and Demonstration of hydrogen fuelled threes wheelers (BHU, Varanasi).
bullet Hydrogen and Liquid Fuels from Biomass Gasification (IISc, Bangalore).
bullet Development and Demonstration of Diesel Hydrogen Dual Fuel SUV (Mahindra & Mahindra, Chengalpattu).
bullet Mission Mode Project on Hydrogen Production through Biological Routes (IIT Kharagpur).
bullet Mission Mode Project on Hydrogen Storage Materials (Hydrides): R&D (BHU, Varanasi).
bullet Mission Mode Project on Hydrogen Storage in Carbon Materials (IIT Madras, Chennai).
bullet Design and development of hydrogen gas burner for Industrial applications (IIT Kanpur).
bullet Lean limit extension for spark ignited direct injection engine through on-board non-thermal plasma conversion (Annamalai University, Annamalai Nagar).
bullet Production of hydrogen gas from biomass and wastes using fluidized bed gasifier (NIT, Rourkela).
bullet Mission Mode Project on Development and Demonstration of hydrogen fuelled internal combustion engines for vehicles (IIT Delhi).
bullet Design and development of functional hybrid nano structures for photo electrochemical water splitting (IMMT, Bhubaneswar).
bullet Synthesis of Magnesium Based Hydrogen Storage Alloys with Lower sorption Temperatures (NFTDC, Hyderabad).
bullet Development of a metal hydride based hydrogen storage system for stand alone, portable hydrogen fueled genset (Electrical Research and Development Association, Vadodara).
bullet Performance enhancement, evaluation and analysis of an IDI diesel engine using straight (SVO) with hydrogen supplementation (UPES, Dehradun).
bullet Development of semiconductor nano-composites for photo-catalytic water splitting into H2 and O2 under solar light irradiation (IICT, Hyderabad).
bullet Development of semiconductor nano-composites for photo-catalytic water splitting into H2 and O2 under solar light irradiation (UPES, New Delhi).

Achievements:

bullet National Hydrogen Energy Road Map has been prepared for developing National Hydrogen Energy Programme. (Abridged Version of National Hydrogen Energy Road Map).
bullet National Hydrogen Energy Road Map has projected that one million hydrogen fuelled vehicles would on the Indian roads and 1000 MW aggregate hydrogen based power generating capacity be set up in the country, both by 2020
bullet National Hydrogen Energy Programme envisages to be implemented in Public-Private partnership mode.
bullet Environmentally benign processes/technologies for the production of hydrogen developed and demonstrated.
bullet Materials/alloys/methods developed for storage of hydrogen as metal hydrides.
bullet Hydrogen based two-wheeler (motor cycle), three wheeler, catalytic combustion systems, fuel cell power systems, etc developed and demonstrated.
bullet Hydrogen – Compressed Natural Gas (H-CNG) dispensing station set up in New Delhi.

Thrust Areas:

bullet Research on materials, process technology development and improvement in performance of products/systems relating to different aspects of hydrogen energy.
bullet Production and demonstration of hydrogen by environmentally benign methods preferably using renewable energy methods.
bullet Development and demonstration of applications of hydrogen as a fuel.
bullet Creation/expansion of infrastructure for hydrogen as an energy carrier in the Public Private Partnership mode.
bullet Development of dedicated hydrogen energy engine for automotive and decentralised power generation.
bullet Setting up of hydrogen dispensing stations for use of hydrogen as fuel in automotive vehicles.
bullet Use of hydrogen - CNG blend as fuel in automobiles.

Potential Applications:

bullet Production of electricity, heat and water for various end uses
bullet Industrial applications
bullet Vehicular transportation
bullet Residential applications
bullet Commercial applications

Organizations working in hydrogen energy area: Hydrogen Production

bullet  Banaras Hindu University (BHU), Varanasi
bullet Central Electrochemical Research Institute (CECRI), Karaikudi
bullet Chlor Alkali/Fertiliser/Chemical Units/Refineries (producing and using hydrogen as a chemical feedstock / Captive Consumption)
bullet Indian Institutes of Technology, Kharagpur
bullet Jawaharlal Nehru Technological University (JNTU), Hyderabad.
bullet Indian Institute of Chemical Technology (IICT), Hyderabad.
bullet Shri AMM Murugappa Chettiar Research Centre (MCRC), Chennai.
bullet SPIC Science Foundation, Tuticorin (Madras)
bullet R&D Centre, Indian Oil Corporation Ltd. (IOCL), Faridabad
bullet Centre for Materials for Electronic Technology (C-MET), Pune.
bullet Central Institute of Mining and Fuel Research (CIMFR), Dhanbad.
bullet Centre for Alternate Energy Research, University of Petroleum and Energy Studies (UPES), New Delhi.
bullet Institute of minerals and Materials Technology (IMMT), Bhubaneshwar
bullet Indian Institute of Technology Hyderabad.
bullet Electrical Research and Development Association, Vadodara.
bullet Indian Institute of Science (IISc), Bangalore.
bullet National Institute of Technology (NIT), Rourkela.

Hydrogen Storage

bullet  Banaras Hindu University (BHU), Varansi
bullet  Indian Institutes of Technology, Chennai/Guwahati.
bullet  National Environmental Engineering Research Institute (NEERI), Nagpur
bullet National Institute of Technology (NIT), Tiruchirapalli
bullet International Advanced Research Centre for Powder Metallurgy and New Materials (ARCI), Hyderabad
bullet Thiagarajar College of Engineering, Madurai
bullet Indian Institute of Technology Bombay, Mumbai
bullet Non-Ferrous Materials Technology Development Centre (NFTDC), Hyderabad

Applications of Hydrogen

bullet  Indian Institutes of Technology, Delhi/Chennai
bullet  Bharat Heavy Electricals Ltd. (BHEL), Hyderabad
bullet SPIC Science Foundation, Madras
bullet R&D Centre, Indian Oil Corporation Ltd. (IOCL), Faridabad
bullet Society of Indian Automobile Manufacturers (SIAM), New Delhi.
bullet Banaras Hindu University (BHU), Varansi
bullet Mahindra & Mahindra, Chengalpattu
bullet Indian Institute of Technology, Kanpur
bullet Annamalai University, Annamalai Nagar
bullet Electrical Research and Development Association, Vadodara
bullet University of Petroleum and Energy Studies (UPES), Dehradun

Other Areas

bullet  University of Rajasthan, Jaipur

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